As reported in a news release on this website, the Canadian census bill—Senate Bill S-18—was passed by the Canadian House of Commons on June 28, 2005, after seven years of debate and discussion. It received Royal Assent a day later, on June 29th.
this amended legislation, personal census records taken between 1911
and 2001 will be made available through the Library and Archives of
Canada 92 years after each census is taken. For example, the 1921
Census will be released to the public in 2013. Note that citizens
requesting that their census information be withheld from public
research, can have their wishes accommodated through the Privacy Act.
On 21 July, 2005, the census was made available online to all researchers at the Library and Archives of Canada website under the title "The Census of Canada, 1911" at <http://www.collectionscanada.ca/archivianet/1911/index-e.html>.
The 1911 Census was the
fifth general census of Canada, and it was collected on June 1st, 1911
by a group of 9,703 enumerators who were sent out to all corners
of Canada. By February of 1912, all reports were received for 1911. It
covered the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan,
Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince
Edward Island. The two northern territories, the Yukon and the
Northwest Territories, were by then a part of Canada.
The records, of which there are 13, are based on census schedules. They are -
2. Mortality, Disability and Compensation
3. Houses, Buildings and Fruit
4. Field Crops - Agriculture - Grain and Other Field Crops for the Harvest Year 1910
5. Agriculture - Hoed Crops, Tobacco, Hops and Grass Seeds in 1910 and Field Crop Areas in 1911
6. Agriculture - Animal and Animal Products
7. Farm and Urban Values
8. Forest Products
10. Churches, Schools, etc.
12. Dairy Factories
13. Mineral Products
The population schedule described people in terms of their religion, ethnic origin, age, gender, education, occupation, and social condition. It also lists the head of the house and the relationship of each of the people in the house to the head. It names these people.
In 1955, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics sought the authority to destroy the paper census schedules. They were microfilmed, and as a result, only the microfilmed copies remain of the 1911 census, but all of Schedule 1 was microfilmed. However, columns 38 to 41 of Schedule 1—questions related to infirmities—were lost on approximately 75 percent of the reels.
introductory pages of each census lists the year of the census, the
name of the province, as well as the name and number of the district
and sub-district. The database is listed by geographic location only -
it is not searchable by family name.
I have examined the census returns for my hometown in Nova Scotia, and although they are very faint, Schedule 1 is readable.
of the census will be available for on-site consultation at the Library
and Archives Canada and for inter-institutional loan in the upcoming weeks.
The website suggests that there may be "slower performance during peak
usage periods (weekends between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. EST)".
this time, Canadian Connections wishes to thank Liberal Senator Lorna
Milne from Brampton, Ontario, and Gordon Watts, co-chair of the
Canadian Census Committee for their efforts in bringing this to
fruition, and to the Global Genealogy website <http://www.globalgenealogy.com/Census/> for allowing Mr. Watts to keep various interested parties posted on a timely basis.
we would like to thank all of those who wrote and contacted the various
politicians and Statistics Canada over the seven years it took to get
the census released. A heartfelt "Thank You" to everyone.