DNA Traces Our Earliest Roots
Modern advances in science can help you trace your
family to it's earliest beginnings - by Surname Finder Staff.
Tracing your family tree one usually follows the patriarchal line
identified by the surname of our male ancestors, but new developments in DNA patterns are
showing us how to trace the matriarchal line to the very beginning of our roots.
Researchers have found that mitochondria DNA (DNA only passed on by females) can be the
key to our earliest roots. Mitochondria DNA lives inside human cells but outside the
nucleus and remains largely unchanged between generations. In contrast, the male
Y-chromosomes are destroyed at fertilization.
Researchers from Oxford University in Oxford, England, have identified 18 distinct
ancestral matriarchal groups from which we all descend. Each one of these clans represents
a roots from which all persons evolved. Each of these groups represents a specific strain
of mitochondria DNA. These women lived between 8,000 to 50,000 years ago and theoretically
identify distinctive clans from which we all descend.
The 18 Daughters of One Genetic Eve
The moniker for the strains, as defined by Dr. Sykes is the 18
Daughters of Eve. Each one of these Daughters is descended from one Eve that
originated in Africa some . The following is a brief description of the mitochondria
The 7 European Daughters of
The theory presented by Dr. Sykes is that all Europeans
descended from one of the seven Daughters of Eve. They are each named from the
mitochondria type they possess.
||The Pyrenees mountains on the border between France and
||Venice in the area of the Swiss Alps
||Tuscany - eventually migrated across the English
||Found across all of Europe.
||Migrated from Spain to Finland and Norway
||The Caucasus Mountains between Turkey and Russia.
The Type X pattern is rare among Europeans, but is
sometimes found among Native Americans suggesting migration through northern Russia to the
The African Daughters
The African Daughters all share a single main lineage
from Lara which is divided into three main branches. The youngest branch, L3, is
common in East Africa and is believed to be the source of both Asian and European
Finding Your Mitochondria Type
True to internet culture there is a company that will
tell you your mitochondria type. The test involves sending in a sample of cells
brushed from the inside of the cheek. The test is a bit pricey at $180.00, but they
offer "group" discounts and are managed by Oxford University. You can
visit their web site here.
If you have a pleasant or poor experience with this
type of testing, please write us and tell us about it.
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