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The Census Book


1850 Federal Census

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Census Information Collected:

  • Dwelling number
  • Family Number
  • Name of each occupant in household
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Occupation
  • Value of Real Estate
  • Place of Birth
  • Married within the year
  • Attended school within the year
  • Cannot read or write
  • Enumeration date
  • Whether a pauper or convictName of head of household
  • Address
  • Number of Free white males of 16 years and up, including head of family
  • Number of Free white males under 16
  • Number of Free white females, including head of family
  • Number of all other free persons
  • Number of Slaves

US Population:  23.2 million free, 3.2 million slave

Available Microfilm:

  • National Archives and Records Adminstration catalog number - 1850. M432 Rolls 1-1009.
  • To obtain the specific catalog number for the roll for the state and county you want, see the NARA Microfilm list.
  • For information about microfilm rental see NARA Microfilm Rental Information


  • This census is very significant to researchers because every member of the household is named.
  • Census Day: June 1, 1850

States Enumerated: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Colombia, Florida Territory, Georgia, Illinois, Indianna, Iowa, Kentucky, Lousianna, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Misouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico Territory, Ohio, Oregon Territory, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin.

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